Mucin Phenotypic Expression and Submucosal Invasion of Gastric Differentiated-type Adenocarcinoma with Mnimal Intestinal Metaplasia

Hirotaka Nakashima, Takuji Yamasaki, Michiyo Owari, Yoshitaka Tokai, Hiroshi Kawachi, Nobuhiro Sakaki, Misao Yoshida


Aim; The gastric differentiated-type adenocarcinoma, which basically arises from intestinal metaplasia (IM), is occasionally derived from the ordinary gastric mucosa without intestinal metaplasia. However, in the clinical endoscopic field, it is still difficult to diagnose the invasion depth of differentiated-type adenocarcinoma surrounded by the ordinary gastric mucosa. The aim of our research was to clarify the prediction method of submucosal carcinoma invasion of these infrequent lesions.

Materials and Methods; The study population consisted of 282 early gastric cancer (EGC) lesions. The degree of histological IM in the background mucosa was classified according to the Sydney System, moreover cases with normal and mild grades of IM were considered to have minimal IM. Mucin immunohistochemical staining was performed on 27 EGCs of the differentiated-type with background mucosa minimal IM, followed by classification into four mucin-phenotypes according to the expression of MUC5AC, MUC6, MUC2, and CD10.

Results; The differentiated-type of EGC with minimal IM accounted for 9.6% of all EGCs. Among those with a gastric phenotype, the rate of submucosal invasion was 62.5%, which was significantly higher than that in the incomplete intestinal-type cases (12.5%).

Conclusion; Our results indicated that information regarding the mucin phenotypic expression is effective for predicting submucosal invasion of differentiated-type carcinoma surrounded by minimal IM.

Key words:

Early gastric cancer, Mucin phenotype, Tubular adenocarcinoma, Intestinal metaplasia, submucosal invasion.


Early gastric cancer; Mucin phenotype; Tubular adenocarcinoma; Intestinal metaplasia; submucosal invasion


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