The Aetiology of Oro-Pharyngeal Dysphagia and its Effects in Stroke

David G Smithard


Dysphagia following stroke is common and its effects may last for many years. Swallowing frequently improves in the first few weeks. The cause of the dysphagia may be related to the stroke, by the medication used, or by concurrent illness. Assessment and intervention needs to be undertaken promptly to ensure that calories are provided; without energy, recovery cannot occur and rehabilitation cannot be undertaken. Treatment has progressed from nihilism to the present exciting times where more potential treatments and interventions in the rehabilitation are being developed.


Dysphagia; Stroke; Rehabilitation; complications; Outcome

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