Beneficial Roles of Aloe Fermented Butyrate, Propionate, and Aloin to Chronic Kidney Disease and Uremic Toxins

Kenji Koizumi, Megumi Hasegawa, Akira Mukaitani, Akira Yagi


In this review, we exhibit the efficacy of endophytically fermented aloe butyric and propionic acid to improve kidney function. Furthermore, renal protective effect of aloe plant extract and aloin is discussed to chronic kidney disease and uremic toxins.


Butyrate; Propionate; Endophytically fermented aloe plants extract; Aloin; Chronic kidney diseases; Uremic toxins

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