School Scoliosis Screening - World Trends and the Problems Encountered in Japan

Hiroshi Kuroki


School scoliosis screening (SSS) was initiated in the United States in the 1960s and adopted across the world thereafter.  In Japan, SSS was implemented gradually in the 1980s after being enshrined into law in 1978.  This editorial article summarizes the world trend of SSS through a comprehensive literature review.  Future development of SSS is also described based on analysis of its current status and issues related to SSS in Japan.


school scoliosis screening, Moiré topography, forward bending test, scoliometer, school musculoskeletal screening

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