Risk Factors and Prevention Strategies of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries in Young Females Athletes

Cristina Forcada, Aleix Pons, Roberto Seijas, Andrea Sallent, Andrea Dominguez, Oscar Ares, Pedro Alvárez


AIM: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are more common in young female athletes than in males, and its frequency is increasing. The aim of the present study is to determine the risk factors that promote these injuries and study the available strategy to prevent ACL injuries in young female athletes.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Different database were used to perform the research (PubMed, Cochrane Plus, Trip Database), using the following keywords: anterior cruciate ligament injury, risk factors, prevention, female and athlete.

RESULTS: Risk factors for ACL injuries include: dry weather, high temperatures, playing indoors, artificial boil, sleepless, fatigue, stress, sport specialization, burnout, low self-esteem, incorrect pivoting and landing techniques. Avoiding or modifying these risk factors could prevent ACL injuries as well as performing a specific neuromuscular training.

CONCLUSION: There are different ways to prevent ACL injuries that have been proven to be effective, a passive one avoiding the risk factors, and active one, by practicing a specific neuromuscular training.


Anterior cruciate ligament injury; Risk factors; Prevention; Female; Athlete

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