Hyperpolarization vs. gadolinium retention in the brain: Topic highlight.

Abdulwahab F. Alahmari


Recent findings and reports came to the conclusion that gadolinium retained in the brain and in the human body in general after undertaken an MRI scan with contrast. Many governmental institutions claim that gadolinium is retained in the brain, but has no effect on human health. This paper will show both sides of the conversation regarding gadolinium retention in the brain and gadolinium replacement like hyperpolarization as a promising technique instead of using the gadolinium.


MRI, gadolinium, hyperpolarization, 13 carbon, pyruvate.

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