Blindness and low vision in Malaysia

Sagili Chandrasekhara Reddy, Thanigasalam Thevi


The data of national eye survey 1996 revealed that the prevalence of blindness and low vision in Malaysia was 0.29% and 2.44% respectively. Cataract, refractive errors and glaucoma are the most common causes of preventable blindness and low vision. In children, retinopathy of prematurity is the leading cause of avoidable blindness. The level of activity and interaction varies among the visually impaired and blind, and they tend to be more depressed than the sighted. A variety of treatment is available ranging from spectacles, contact lenses, low vision aids to surgical treatment such as corneal transplantation, and osteo-ordonto-keratoprosthesis, Another mode of helping these people is computer based technology such as voice browser which can enable the visually impaired to acquire knowledge faster, and use of a smart phone utilizing braille system keyboard. Educational facilities and rehabilitation services for the blind are provided by Ministry of  Education  through special schools for blind children. Facilities for vocational training courses, skills training for self/family financial assistance, and assistance to parents of blind children are available in Malaysian Association for the Blind.

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